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  • Collective Forms in China: People’s Commune and Danwei

Jacoby, Sam and Cheng, Jingru, 2018, Journal Article, Collective Forms in China: People’s Commune and Danwei New Architecture, 180 (5). pp. 5-11. ISSN 1000-3959

Abstract or Description:

Collective forms are simultaneously governmental forms, social forms, organisational forms, and spatial forms, but can also incorporate economic forms or political forms. From this perspective, urban and rural areas in socialist China were predominantly planned and managed as semi-autonomous collective forms. People’s Commune and Danwei are two exemplary cases among others. The research reviews their conception as
social projects and the social realities they produced, while examining their often overlooked legacies for discourses in architecture and urban design. Through discussing the research methodology, cases of collective forms in the West, the historical context of China’s People’s Commune and Danwei, and two built cases in Wuhan, this paper argues that collective forms are not simply related to a historical period of collectivisation, but to past, present, and future forms shaped by collective subjectivities and the important underlying shared norms and demands to achieve common goals and benefits.

Subjects: Architecture > K100 Architecture > K110 Architectural Design Theory
Architecture > K400 Planning (Urban > K420 Urban and Rural Planning
Architecture > K400 Planning (Urban > K430 Planning studies
School or Centre: School of Architecture
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2019 13:31
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2019 13:31
URI: http://researchonline.rca.ac.uk/id/eprint/4065

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