• Designing trust in highly automated virtual assistants: A taxonomy of levels of autonomy

Galdon, Fernando, Hall, Ashley and Wang, Stephen Jia, 2021, Book Section, Designing trust in highly automated virtual assistants: A taxonomy of levels of autonomy In: Dingli, A., Haddod, F. and Klüver, C., (eds.) Artificial Intelligence in industry 4.0. Studies in Computational Intelligence, 928 . Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 199-211. ISBN 978-3-030-61044-9

Abstract or Description:

This paper presents a guiding framework and a multi-level taxonomy of automation levels specially adapted to Virtual Assistants in the context of Human-Human-Interaction. This trust-based framework incorporates interaction phases, trust-affecting design principles and design techniques. It also introduces a taxonomy of levels of autonomy explaining each level from a trust perspective. To test the proposed Levels a survey was conducted addressing different contexts. Participants preferred to have total control of the system. Level 1 is the preferred option on average. Levels 2 and 3, account for 40.50% of the participants preference to be in control of the autonomous system. If we combine levels 1, 2, and 3; This presents an average of 68.75% of participants demanding the initiative. The neutral level (level 4) is preferred by 15.75% of the participants on average. On Levels where the initiative resides on the system (levels 5, 6, and 7), only 14.75% of participants would decentralise their decision. Based on the research findings, the author recommends designers to combine a holistic perspective on trust with contextual awareness, to be able to integrate the impact of contexts on interactions. Trust formation is a dynamic process that starts before a user’s first contact with the system and continues long thereafter. Furthermore, as autonomous systems continuously evolve, factors-affecting trust change during user interactions with the system and over time; thus, Human-Human-Interaction concepts need to be able to adapt. Future work will be dedicated to further understanding other areas such as reparation and accountability.

Subjects: Creative Arts and Design > W200 Design studies
School or Centre: School of Design
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-61045-6_14
Date Deposited: 01 May 2020 19:32
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2023 08:38
URI: https://researchonline.rca.ac.uk/id/eprint/4363
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