• A Circular 'Smart' World

Fantini van Ditmar, Delfina, 2019, Book Section, A Circular 'Smart' World In: Fischer, Thomas and Herr, Christiane, (eds.) Design Cybernetics: Navigating the New. Design Research Foundations . Springer, Switzerland, pp. 101-117. ISBN 978-3-030-18557-2

Abstract or Description:

In the fast-growing Internet of Things (IoT) industry, algorithmic technology promises ‘smart’ solutions to everyday problems. Drawing on a design research investigation, this chapter questions and critically examines the embedded epistemology of IoT, in the context of what I call the algorithmic paradigm. This examination reconsiders the prevailing epistemology and offers an alternative based on a second-order cybernetics perspective. This alternative recognises the importance of accounting for the role/agency of the observer/designer/user, the circular causality of user behaviour and technology, and the relationality of ‘smartness’. To explore the possibility of a shift in perspective from the current algorithmic paradigm to a second-order one, users are approached as experiential, non-linear subjects rather than as probabilistic and linear ones. Outcomes reveal the value of second-order cybernetics as an epistemological stance and a practical approach to research on the design of ‘smart’ interactions. The methodological framework demonstrates how design research and second-order considerations can work together, asking novel questions to inform disciplines with an interest in IoT interactions, from both a design perspective (the way designers approach their practice) and in terms of broader implications for society.

Official URL: https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783030185565
Subjects: Creative Arts and Design > W200 Design studies
School or Centre: School of Design
Identification Number or DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-18557-2
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2021 14:39
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 08:38
URI: https://researchonline.rca.ac.uk/id/eprint/4318
Edit Item (login required) Edit Item (login required)